GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. â€” As Mitt Romney seeks victory in his native stateâ€™s primary, he has made organized labor enemy No. 1. He has railed against union â€œstoogesâ€ and â€œbosses,â€ arguing that their demands nearly killed the auto industry and have gravely wounded Americaâ€™s competitiveness.
Romneyâ€™s message and his tone are popular with Republican voters in most of the country, but they contrast sharply with the conciliatory statements he has made about labor in the past, particularly during his 2008 presidential campaign. His comments could haunt efforts by Romney and other Republicans to attract blue-collar workers and economically stressed voters in Michigan and nearby states.
â€œYou get the sense Mitt Romney is only concerned about winning the primary and is not so concerned with winning Michigan in November,â€ said Ed Sarpolus, a nonpartisan pollster who has worked here for four decades. He said the message is squarely aimed at tea party voters, many of whom are skeptical of Romney.
Itâ€™s a circumstance born of necessity â€” Romney, despite being a native son and the son of a popular three-term Michigan governor, is locked in a tight battle with rival Rick Santorum and needs every vote he can get. But in a state where 18.3 percent of the employed were members of a union in 2011, more than in all but four other states, a starkly anti-labor message carries risk.
That is confirmed by the approach of Michiganâ€™s GOP politicians. Gov. Rick Snyder has endorsed Romney, but his labor positions are dramatically different. Snyder has repeatedly said he has no interest in tackling a â€œright-to-workâ€ law, which would forbid requiring union membership as a condition of employment. Romney has called for a federal right-to-work law.
A Michigan GOP operative said Snyderâ€™s stance also is born of necessity.
â€œHis point is there may be some merit to the idea, but pushing it right now would be way too divisive,â€ said the operative, speaking anonymously to preserve good will with both men. â€œHeâ€™s made it very clear to lawmakers this is not something he wants on his desk…. For all the things we have to be worried about, this is not something to spend time on.â€
In addition to supporting a right-to-work-law, Romney has called for the repeal of a federal law requiring the prevailing local wage to be paid on public-works projects. He has pledged that on the first day of his presidency he would forbid any union preference in federal contracting and said he would fight rules allowing union dues to be taken out of paychecks to fund political activities.
â€œIâ€™ve taken on union bosses before,â€ the former Massachusetts governor said in Grand Rapids on Wednesday. â€œIâ€™m happy to take them on again.â€
He has squarely blamed unions for the nationâ€™s economic troubles.
â€œLabor has asked for too much and business people have exceeded their demands only to see the business ultimately fail,â€ he told the Ames Tribuneâ€™s economic board in December.
â€œThatâ€™s what happened to GM and Chrysler. The demands of labor unions over time killed those businesses and made America become less competitive.â€
Yet four years ago, he repeatedly blamed the auto industryâ€™s woes on the federal government and called for a summit with industry, union and political leaders to restore the auto industry.
â€œTogether we will develop a plan to rebuild Americaâ€™s automotive leadership,â€ he said in a January 2008 speech at the Detroit Economic Club.
During a 2007 presidential primary debate, Romney said that he would have â€œa listening earâ€ directed to labor and management. â€œThe doorâ€™s always open,â€ he said.