WASHINGTON â€” Mitt Romney likes to tell people in Michigan heâ€™s one of them â€” and whether voters see him that way could be crucial in determining his political fate.
Romney, 64, who is in a tense battle for the Republican presidential nomination, grew up in the Detroit area. His father, George, was a popular Michigan governor.
But George Romney left office 43 years ago. And Mitt Romney made his political and business reputation in Massachusetts, rescued the Olympics in Salt Lake City and has homes in New Hampshire, California and elsewhere.
Now, however, Romney is telling voters heâ€™s â€œa son of Detroit,â€ and he badly needs the favorite son vote as he fights to win the critical Feb. 28 Michigan primary.
Experts see the local ties as a plus.
â€œI think it will matter,â€ said Richard Milliman, George Romneyâ€™s former press secretary.
But the links also put enormous pressure on Romney.
â€œA loss in what could be considered his home state … may be disastrous to his campaign,â€ said Victoria Mantzopoulos, professor of political science at the University of Detroit Mercy. â€œThe loss of a state that should have been a shoo-in will undoubtedly lead to a loss of campaign momentum and fundraising efforts.â€
Romney is willing to try. Last week, he wrote an op-ed in the Detroit News that said, â€œI am a son of Detroitâ€ who â€œgrew up drinking Vernors,â€ a popular local ginger ale. He went on to explain how the auto industry bailout was â€œcrony capitalism on a grand scaleâ€ and sharply criticized the Obama administrationâ€™s efforts to help the ailing industry.
Romney has also hosted a â€œWelcome Home Rallyâ€ in Grand Rapids. He spoke fondly of his father in campaign speeches. And heâ€™s running an ad in which he recalls, â€œWhen I grew up in Michigan it was exciting to be here. Remember going to the Detroit Auto Show with my dad. That was a big deal.â€
Milliman observed: â€œIâ€™ve seen more pictures of George Romney in the last month or so than Iâ€™ve seen in a long time.â€
Pollster Scott Mitchell thought Romneyâ€™s roots would be a plus: â€œHe hasnâ€™t lived here in a long time, but the Romney name has been around here for a long time.â€
Romneyâ€™s brother Scott is active in Michigan affairs, and his former sister-in-law ran for the U.S. Senate in the state in the 1990s. In 2008, Romney touted his state ties and won the GOP primary over Sen. John McCain, who eventually won the nomination. Exit polls showed that 42 percent of voters thought Romneyâ€™s Michigan background was important.
His Michigan roots are deep. The family lived in a well-to-do Detroit neighborhood, and later in suburban Bloomfield Hills. He entered the suburbâ€™s private Cranbrook Schools in 1959, spending seventh through twelfth grades there, first as a day student and later as a boarder.
Romneyâ€™s three siblings also attended the schools, and he met future wife Ann Davies when he was a senior and she was a sophomore. His father delivered the schoolâ€™s commencement address in 1965.
According to the senior yearbook, Mitt Romney was involved in cross-country, the Glee Club, Pre-Med Club, Church Cabinet, Pep Club, Blue Key Club, American Field Service, World Affairs Seminar and Speculatorâ€™s Club. He was homecoming committee chairman and assistant editor of the yearbook.
Romney adored his father, who was governor from 1963 to 1969. On Feb. 7, the day he lost three Republican contests to former Sen. Rick Santorum, Romney reflected on â€œlessons I learned from Dad.â€
He remembered how his father â€œapprenticed, as a lath-and-plaster carpenter, and he was darn good at it. He learned how to put a handful of nails in his mouth and spit them out, point forward. On his honeymoon, he and Mom drove across the country. Dad sold aluminum paint along the way, to pay for gas and hotels.â€
His father, he said, never gave up. He believed in an America where â€œa lath-and-plaster man could work his way up to running a little car company called American Motors and end up governor of a state where he had once sold aluminum paint.â€
Invoking Dad, though, carries risks. George Romney, part of the GOPâ€™s moderate wing, helped create Michiganâ€™s first personal income tax and refused to support conservative Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater in 1964.
â€œIâ€™m not sure George would agree with a lot of what Mitt is saying,â€ said Bernie Porn, president of EPIC–MRA, an independent Lansing-based survey research firm.